Understanding Biblical Theology clarifies the catch-all term “biblical theology,” a movement that tries to remove the often-held dichotomy between biblical studies for the Church and as an academic pursuit.
This book examines the five major schools of thought regarding biblical theology and handles each in turn, defining and giving a brief developmental history for each one, and exploring each method through the lens of one contemporary scholar who champions it. Using a spectrum between history and theology, each of five “types” of biblical theology are identified as either “more theological” or “more historical” in concern and practice:
- Biblical Theology as Historical Description (James Barr)
- Biblical Theology as History of Redemption (D. A. Carson)
- Biblical Theology as Worldview-Story (N. T. Wright)
- Biblical Theology as Canonical Approach (Brevard Childs)
- Biblical Theology as Theological Construction (Francis Watson).
A conclusion suggests how any student of the Bible can learn from these approaches.